The town supervisor fills a significant role, serving in several major capacities, including:
• Town Legislator (Town Board Member) – The supervisor votes on matters before the town board as do all the other board members (Town Law, Sections 60 and 63).
• Town Executive and Administrator – After town board decisions have been made, it is the supervisor who often carries out the decisions. The supervisor usually receives the majority of complaints and suggestions of citizens, as well.
• Town Fiscal Officer – The supervisor is the treasurer of the town and generally represents the town in the conduct of its financial affairs. Chapter 2 of this publication discusses many aspects of this very important role (Town Law, Section 29).• Representative of the Town (County Board Member) – The office of supervisor may be a county as well as a town post. Depending on the type of county government, a town supervisor may serve on the county board as a representative of the town (County Law, Section 150). There are two basic types of organizational structures for counties: a separately elected legislature or a board of supervisors. For a county with a board of supervisors, the supervisors elected from the several cities and towns in the county constitute the board. These supervisors may serve on county board committees and receive compensation as members of the county board of supervisors (County Law, Section 200). Currently, 17 counties operate under the board of supervisors structure, while the remaining 40 counties outside of New York City operate under the legislative structure.